Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Other Monuments - Bijapur

Where: Bijapur/ Vijayapura
How to reach: 100 Kms from Solapur, 200 Kms from Hospet
Best time to visit: All the year round
Time visited: Nov 2016
Time to see around: 2/3 hrs
Stay: City


Tour Plan

Day 1: Pune-Kittur-Varur-Annigeri-Gadag
Day 2: Gadag-Laxmeshwar-Gadag-Sudi-Gadag
Day 3: Gadag-Dambal-Lakkundi-Itagi-Bijapur
Day 4: Bijapur-Solapur


Day 4 - Bijapur Local Sightseeing
Gol Gumbaz - Jumma Masjid - Mehtar Mahal - Asar Mahal - Bara Kamaan - The Malik-e-Maiden - Ibrahim Rauza - Upli Buruj - Taj Bawdi

Jamiya Masjid
History as per internet: Jamiya Masjid/Jumma Masjid was built in the year 1578 by Ali Adil Shah I, just after the victory in 1565 over Bijapura, then called as Vijaya Nagara. It has nine huge arches, an arcaded prayer hall with fine aisles supported on massive piers. The interior of the mosque is decorated with motifs on the arches.





Mehtar Mahal
 
History as per internet: Mehtar Mahal is the ornamental gateway which lead to an exquisitely crafted mosque and a beautiful garden. Mehtar Mahal is also known as the ‘Sweeper’s Palace’ and is believed to be dating back to 1620 AD. The entry gate of Mehtar Mahal is built in Indo-Saracenic style. The place is three-storied and has beautifully carved arches and the grand minarets of the Mahal are finely designed with pictures of birds and rows of swans. The carvings are crafted in Hindu architectural style with brackets that support balconies and stone.





Asar Mahal
 
History as per internet: Asar Mahal or palace was with an artificial lake constructed in 1646 by the Adil Shahis and was initially used as hall of justice. The portico had a impressive wooden columns (four numbers of octagonal shape) which are now replaced. The walls and ceiling of the hall display landscape paintings.


The Original Wooden columns...



Bara Kaman  
History as per internet: Bara Kaman (meaning 12 arches) is a half way abonded mausoleum of Ali Roza built in 1672. It was initially called as Ali Roza, but Shah Nawab Khan changed its name to Bara Kaman, as this was the 12th monument built during his reign and was planned with 12 arches.







Taj Bawadi
 
History as per internet: Taj Bawdi is a water reservoir that was built to commemorate Taj Sultana, Ibrahim II ’s first wife. The entrance arch is very impressive and has two octagonal towers.





It was great morning and we saw most of monuments in half a day. After early brunch at Kamats we left for Solapur.

Ibrahim Rauza - Bijapur

Where: Bijapur/ Vijayapura
How to reach: 100 Kms from Solapur, 200 Kms from Hospet
Best time to visit: All the year round
Time visited: Nov 2016
Time to see around: 2/3 hrs
Stay: City
Parking: Paid parking available inside premises.

Tour Plan
Day 1: Pune-Kittur-Varur-Annigeri-Gadag
Day 2: Gadag-Laxmeshwar-Gadag-Sudi-Gadag
Day 3: Gadag-Dambal-Lakkundi-Itagi-Bijapur
Day 4: Bijapur-Solapur


Day 4 - Bijapur Local Sightseeing
Gol Gumbaz - Jumma Masjid - Mehtar Mahal - Asar Mahal - Bara Kamaan - The Malik-e-Maiden - Ibrahim Rauza - Upli Buruj - Taj Bawdi




History as per Internet
Ibrahim Rauza was built in 1627, contains the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and his queen Taj Sultana. It is a fine square structure with twin buildings with delicate carvings and was designed by the Persian architect, Malik Sandal (his grave also lies in the courtyard). It is said that this tomb provided the inspiration for building the Taj Mahal at Agra.


The inner perimeter of the Mausoleum has well crafted arches. The outer walls of the tomb have panels displaying beautiful decorations and intricate geometric and calligraphic patterns in the form of shallow relief. The windows and doors also have similar motifs, which allow light to penetrate into the tomb chamber.



The doors are made of teak wood braced with metal strips and decorated. 



In the prayer hall in the mosque, there are two chains carved out of a single rock.



The view from backside...




Bijapur Fort

Where: Bijapur/ Vijayapura
How to reach: 100 Kms from Solapur, 200 Kms from Hospet
Best time to visit: All the year round
Time visited: Nov 2016
Time to see around: 2/3 hrs
Stay: City
Parking: Parking available inside premises.
Note- Huge Parking but easily may get full during day

Tour Plan
Day 1: Pune-Kittur-Varur-Annigeri-Gadag
Day 2: Gadag-Laxmeshwar-Gadag-Sudi-Gadag
Day 3: Gadag-Dambal-Lakkundi-Itagi-Bijapur
Day 4: Bijapur-Solapur


Day 4 - Bijapur Local Sightseeing
Gol Gumbaz - Jumma Masjid - Mehtar Mahal - Asar Mahal - Bara Kamaan - The Malik-e-Maiden - Ibrahim Rauza - Upli Buruj - Taj Bawdi

Fort and Fortifications
History as per Internet: The fort and the citadel within it were built by Yusuf Adil Shah in 1565. The circumferential length of the fort’s outer wall, which encloses the old city, measures 10 kms. There were ninety-six large bastions and five main gateways. It is surrounded by a moat of 50 feet and fort wall has varying height, about 50 feet high. 


Modern day Bijapur, the entire city as such has lies within and outside the the fort areas. So there is no fort as such to see but the fortification remains can be seen at various places.



A road passing through a huge arched
 
One of the Gateways



Malik-e-Maidan
History as per internet: The Malik-e-Maidan, also called Burj-E-Sherz, was erected by Ibrahim Adil Shah II. It was named after the Battle of Talikota of 1565 in which the Vijayangar empire was routed. It has a large cannon,14.6 ft long and 4.9 ft in diameter with a 700 millimetres (28 in) bore. The cannon weighs 55 tonnes and is considered one of the largest medieval guns made and was cast in 1549 at Ahmadnagar from bell metal by Muhammad Bin Husain Rumi. The gun is cool when touched even during hot summer season.


 
Sun and Moon signs on the buruj



The unusual feature of the gun is that its muzzle is shaped in the form of a lion head with carved open jaws as if devouring an elephant (depicted between the jaws).



Upli Buruj
Upli Burj is a 80 feet tower which was built in 1584. There are 70 steps to reach the top of the tower to get a great view of Bijapur. There are two long cannons on the Buruj.



Gol Gumbaz - Bijapur

Where: Bijapur/ Vijayapura
How to reach: 100 Kms from Solapur, 200 Kms from Hospet
Best time to visit: All the year round
Time visited: Nov 2016
Time to see around: 2/3 hrs
Stay: City
Parking: Parking available inside premises.
Note- Huge Parking but easily may get full during day

Tour Plan
Day 1: Pune-Kittur-Varur-Annigeri-Gadag
Day 2: Gadag-Laxmeshwar-Gadag-Sudi-Gadag
Day 3: Gadag-Dambal-Lakkundi-Itagi-Bijapur
Day 4: Bijapur-Solapur


Day 4 - Bijapur Local Sightseeing
Gol Gumbaz - Jumma Masjid - Mehtar Mahal - Asar Mahal - Bara Kamaan - The Malik-e-Maiden - Ibrahim Rauza - Upli Buruj - Taj Bawdi





History as per Internet 
Gol Gumbaz the largest dome in India, is a colossal tomb with 44m diameter width. The structure is composed of a cube and at each of the four corners of the cube, is a dome-capped octagonal tower seven stories high with a staircase inside. Running around the inside of the dome is the "Whispering Gallery" where even the softest sound can be heard on the other side due to the acoustics of the space. Inside the mausoleum hall, is a square podium which marks the actual grave below,  The building in front of the tomb has been renovated to a museum in the present day.



We reached 6AM sharp at the gates of Gol Gumbaz which was just opening. Sun was just about to rise and the winter chill was in air. The morning joggers were exercising on the grounds. Our guide was waiting for us at the gates.


We wanted to be among early ones to climb as the guide told us as day the progress there is mad rush and with everybody trying to produce an echo you would be hardly able to hear.

As you start approaching the main building which is now musem, Gol Gumabz suddenly starts vanishing from the view.

 The museum

After the traverse the grand view...

 Octagonal 7 storied tower with a staircase inside

  The narrow staircase

 The opening of staircase

Inside the gallery the guard showed how you can listen to falling of a coin of crushing of water bottle across the mausoleum. It was simply amazing to see the wonder of the architecture.





Our next stop was Jumma Masjid